Gullfoss Area – The Golden Falls
Gullfoss or the Golden Waterfall is the most popular waterfall in Iceland. It is amongst the natural wonders on the globe. It is regarded to be a very powerful waterfall in Europe. The Gullfoss Area’s golden waterfall’s best sight is sunlit when the misty clouds encircle this jamming falls, creating several rainbows. This is a view with spectacular motion and color to see in your lifetime.
As per news reports, tourism in Iceland always rose at least by 20%-25% each year. At one point in time, Iceland was debated to be a victim of over-tourism. It toppled in recent times when the biggest industry of Iceland-tourism became impacted.
Golden Falls or Gullfoss is situated in the Hvita river canyon of Southwest Iceland. Hvita is a mighty glacial river, also referred to as a white river. A couple of kilometers off the Golden Falls is another glacial cascade drop of 32 m, called Geysir. This is a very popular white cascade drop into a 2.5 km long and 70m deep narrow canyon.
The Golden Waterfall of Gulfoss Area
The golden waterfall has 3 stages curved staircase. The water from the Hvita river streams southward to a kilometer and falls. This is where the river streams to 3-stepped fall. It then plunges to 36 ft and 69 ft stages (2 stages) to a 105 ft deep crevice. The length of the crevice is 2.5 kms long. It continues to flow perpendicular to the river flow. The flow of water changes from 80 cu.m in winter to 141 cu.m in summer time.
Gulfoss is a waterfall that formed due to a fissure within the lava that paved a passage via it. They are 2 different waterfalls. It can be classified as an upper drop of 11m and a lower drop of 21m. The river bedrock was created in the interglacial times. The flow of water is at a rate of 109 cu m/s.
Protected Gulfoss Area
In the initial half of the twentieth century to the late twentieth century, Gulfoss was considered for generating electricity. For the same reason, the owners- Halldor Halldorsson and Tomas Tomasson rented it to foreign investors. The attempt to generate electricity fell apart due to lack of funds and other reasons. The state of Iceland now procures it, and it is currently a protected area.
Hvítá river-Water of the waterfall
Sogio, Hvita, Olfusa combined form a river system that stretches to the beaches from the mountains. It connects to the sea linking Gulfoss, Kerlingarfjöll, Geysir, Ármannsfell, Skálholt, Eyrarbakki, and Thingvellir.
Gulfoss Area- The canyon
Below Gulfoss, the canyon stretches to about 2.5kms and is 70 metres deep. Geologists believe the canyon formed due to glacial outbursts that could have occurred at the final ice age stage.
Gulfoss Area- Vegetation
You will find lichen growing on the surrounding land area on rocks. They form unusual patches of different colors. You will also see widespread wooly willows in this dry moorland. They are identified with their light green colored leaves coated with grey fuzz. Dwarch birch and blueberry are common shrubs found here. Holy grass and lady smock are also seen here in low lying regions. A fine scent of linens is spread in the air.
Time and price to visit the golden falls
The waterfall is open and available for the public all through the day. It can be visited free of charge.
How to get here?
It is conveniently reachable in 2hrs from the capital of Iceland. You have guided packages available too.
Gulfoss waterfall is one of the natural wonders on the globe, which is not to be missed for its beautiful cascade and views. It is the perfect setting for a nature lover visiting Iceland to seal it in your memory as real beauty of nature.