Geysir area – The Amazing Hot Spring

Geysir or ‘hot spring bread’ offers an amazing experience in which visitors help the chef boil the given eggs in a hot spring. Also, visitors get to dig up to obtain rye bread that was kept underground for baking. However, this is not the only geyser present in the Geysir area hot spring. The other active geyser that is situated in the same area is referred to as Strokkur.

About Geysir

The geothermal field is estimated to have a surface area of 3 km². The majority of the springs are situated along a 100m strip of land running towards the same direction as the region’s tectonic lines. The strip happens to be 500m long and ends near the lords of Haukadalur.

This region is said to be active from over 1000 years ago and consists of over a dozen hot water blowholes. Even though the geyser is said to be relatively less active nowadays, it provided its name to almost all the hot springs around the world. It is also known to be the very first geyser that was stated in a printed source.

In 1294, earthquakes in the southern part of Iceland triggered variations in the geothermal area, thereby creating a lot of hot springs. Based on the research conducted in the 19th century, the geyser has the ability to reach a height of about 170 meters. Nowadays, Geysir is relatively inactive, even when other hot springs situated in the Geysir area are active.

Protected Geysir hot spring

As per the news, the Geysir hot spring area of South Iceland was declared protected on Iceland’s National Day, June 17. This declaration was signed by the Minister for the Environment and Natural Resources.

The objective of the declaration is to enhance the protection of exclusive geological structures, microorganisms, hot springs as well as unique vegetation in the region. This active hot spring area is popular for vast regions of geyserite. However, Strokkur had to erupt many times during the ceremony.

The phenomenon of Geyser eruption

The geysers in Haukadalur are located in an active geothermal region. Because of the underground plumbing system, groundwater flows into the hot bedrock, thereby heating up and building pressure. Once the water reaches the peak temperature and pressure, it sprouts out from the geyser, usually up to 30m into the air. Maintain your distance for your own safety as the water is very hot.

The price to visit the Geysir area

Visitors can visit this area without paying any entry fee while visiting the Haukadalur geothermal region. Visitors are recommended to stay in the marked areas and keep away whenever the geyser erupts because the water is very hot.

How to reach Geysir?

The hot spring Geysir area is around 100kms from Reykjavik, route 35, or perhaps route 37 from Reykjavik via Thingvellir. One can opt for any of the Golden Circle tours. On these tours, you get to visit Gullfoss waterfall and Thingvellir National Park as well.

Best time to visit

A small geyser known as Strokkur erupts every few minutes, spouting hot water up to 10 meters. However, if you want to keep away from the crowd, we suggest that you arrive in the morning, before 10 o’clock or perhaps after 4 pm. Nevertheless, during the high season, there will be lots of tourists here at all times.

The Golden Circle

Geysir is definitely a part of the popular Golden Circle along with Thingvellir National Park and Gullfoss Waterfall. A lot of tourists who go to Iceland visit these three amazing landmarks in South Iceland. Black sand beach and Seljalandsfoss waterfall are other places to visit.

Conclusion

Geyser hot spring area is indeed the most popular stop among the visitors due to its exploding geysers and boiling mud pits. The dynamic Strokkur is also a must-visit for those who wish to observe the water spout about 100 feet into the air. Geysir area is regarded as the most admired tourist stop in Iceland.

Geothermal Bathing – Hot Springs in Iceland

Iceland is very popular for its Geothermal hot springs. They are natural hot springs that are known to have a healing nature. Geothermal bathing is popular among visitors of Iceland as it relaxes, rejuvenates, and heals you. Hot springs and geothermal bathing has been part of their culture from the settlement era.

What is Geothermal bathing?

Geothermal energy is a power source from the earth’s core, which is important for Icelanders. The rainwater that seeps into the ground is heated in the earth’s core. Some of this hot water reveals to the earth’s surface as hot springs. The other portion is within geothermal reservoirs. Icelanders use this geothermal water for bathing, baking, cooking, and laundry. Initially, it was pumped off the ground. Now there are geothermal plants like one in Reykjavik.

This geothermal water has health benefits as it is natural and is warm in nature. It is mineral water that can relax and destress your muscles and bones. It is said that almost all the swimming pools in Iceland are heated geothermally. Visitors and locals, therefore, have warm water all year around. Geothermal bathing in Iceland is not just taking a bath but relaxing in hot water, enjoying the sea views, gazing at stars and northern lights while having a drink.

Some of the best Geothermal bathing spots in Iceland

Blue Lagoon-This is very popular in Iceland as it is amongst the 25 wonders on the globe. It has white silica mud with milky blue waters.

The Secret Lagoon- This is the oldest lagoon and swimming pool in Iceland. It opened in the year 1891 till 1937. It is renovated now and is very popular in Iceland.

Laugarvatn Fontana- This is a spa on the lakefront. It has three hot tubs and steam rooms. It has a sauna too. You can watch the northern lights or relax in the hot tub gazing at the lakefront view. The spa is on the route to Gulfoss waterfall.

Myvatn nature baths- These nature baths are also referred to as the blue lagoon of Northern Iceland. The nature baths have milky blue soothing mineral water. The water has natural steam which relaxes your body. It makes a perfect geothermal bathing spot. The area surrounding these baths are wonderful.

Reykjadalur geothermal river-Reykjadalur is situated close to Hveragerai town. It takes about 40 minutes from Reykjavik by drive. A small hike of 3kms will bring you to this smoky valley where the geothermal river is seen. This is an open spot with no changing facilities. Prior preparation is required.

Landmannaluagar hot pot- It means people’s pool. It is a very scenic geothermal bathing spot of hot springs in Iceland. This will give you a view of rhyolite mountains that are very colorful while enjoying your bathing in a geothermal pool.

Strútslauggeothermal river- This natural geothermal hot spring is created by the convergence of a glacial river and a geothermal river that comes from the Mýrdalsjökull and Torfajökul glaciers. It is situated in the Highlands. It is about one hour stroll off the road. There are no changing rooms here.

Nauthólsvíkgeothermal beach- This is a man-made beach with a geothermal ocean with hot tubs. You have grilling and outdoor shower facilities.

Vítigeothermal lake-It is an exciting natural wonder of Iceland. It is a crater that has a geothermal opaque blue lake rich in warm mineral water.

Grjótagjá geothermal spring- This geothermal bathing location dates back to the 18th century. It is located in the Lake Myvatn region.

Some others

  • Heydalurhot geothermal pot
  • Landbrotalaug hot pot
  • Grettislaug
  • Jarlslaug
  • Vök Baths

Conclusion

Geothermal bathing is a popular destination among tourists all over the world. These hot springs are known for their relaxing and healing properties. They come from natural sources and are rich in minerals. Iceland has several natural and man-made hot pools, which are famous amongst its visitors.

Caving in the Golden Circle

A Golden Circle tour is a great combo with lava caving at Leiorendi. This means it’s a quintessential day in Southern Iceland. Caving in the Golden Circle is an experience not to be missed when visiting Iceland. Visit Geysir hot springs, Thingvellir national park, and Gulfoss waterfall combined with a lava tube caving in the Golden Circle. Anyone age above ten can take a caving trip.

Caving in the Golden Circle

Caving in the Golden Circle has all the components of interesting history, natural beauty, and awesome geological wonders. This is a great adventure in the Golden circle. Leiðarendi, meaning “The End of the Road,” has cave networks and lava tubes. There are hidden corners, dazzling rock forms, and a subterranean space in these caves. They have the geological history and makeup of the country. It is conveniently accessible. A little climbing and crawling will be needed here. The cave stretches to 900m in length.

About Leiðarendi Caving in the Golden Circle

Leiðarendi is located around 25 mins from the capital, Reykjavik. It is a lava tube that is situated close to the blue mountains, Blafjoll of southwestern Iceland. It has plenty of data about Icelandic history, folklore, and geology.

Leiðarendi Geology

Leiðarendi has two caves. They are created by two different eruptions on the Reykjanes explosive Peninsula. One was formed 2000 years and the other 1000 years ago. Lava rivers gradually cooled outside when they traveled off the erupting volcanic craters. A hard rock shell has covered the molten liquid. When the molten liquid was flushed, lava tubes were left. The two caves are left with a circular path when they collapsed with each other. There are a couple of hidden chambers. Another collapse made Leiðarendi accessible.

Leiðarendi is renowned for its extremely varied and vivid landscape and is considered a prime example of Iceland’s lava tube. The color kaleidoscope comes from the minerals that were brought up in an eruption, with iron red, sulfur yellow, and copper grey.

Different lava flakes fell off its walls and roof due to frost and erosion, distinctive characteristics of Leidarendi. These flakes demonstrate the many distinct lava streams that have subsequently flowed over the ages there.

In the cave, along with stalagmites, stalactites, and other impressive structures, you can also see cave walls polished by lava streams. It would be best to refrain from taking these, as they never grow back, unlike in limestone caves.

You’re likely to see gleaming natural ice sculptures in the cave in winter, adding extra elegance to the already otherworldly scene.

Visiting Leiðarendi

Owing to lava tube hazards, it should be visited only on a licensed tour with a guide. The guides know the lava caves in and out and trained to assist in an emergency. They supply all the right equipment.

A helmet and light are the key components of this trip, without which nobody should be underground under any circumstance. You will be fitted with crampons in winter as well.

It would help if you had sturdy boots, gloves for protection, and warm clothes during the year to prepare for a tour of Leiðarendi that you don’t mind getting injured. As lava rock is porous, keep yourself waterproofed as a lot of water tends to trickle through the ceiling.

Anyone quick on their feet and fearless in small spaces should experience a safe, beautiful, and informative discovery here with all of these.

Conclusion

Caving in the Golden Circle is not to be missed when touring the trio. It is an amazing combo tour for a visitor to Iceland. You will find geological stories and natural formations that will amaze you for sure. Do not miss the combo tour this visit to Iceland.

Architecture in South Iceland

Icelandic architecture has influence from Scandinavia and lack of trees native to the island. This is what results in turf and grass covered houses. The Swiss Chalet style has a prevailing inspiration in the culture of Iceland. Several timber constructions were built this way. Concrete and stone were popularly used as construction materials. These styles differ all around the country.

The Architecture in South Iceland

The architecture is primarily low-rise with 2 or 3 storey constructions. Smaller municipal constructions and houses were wooden-framed. It is clad in corrugated metal and wooden planks. They appear in conventional bright colors. A lot of architectural influences are observed in the capital like Swiss chalet style.

History of Architecture in South Iceland

OlafurEliasson and EinarÞorsteinnÁsgeirsson is credited for the appearance and structure of Harpa. The reconstructed replica of the longhouse makes use of the original construction method of a stone base, turf roof/walls and wood frame. Several of the 19th century Reykjavik’s homes are accumulated in the foreground with the Harpa Concert Hall and modern skyscrapers along seaside.

South Iceland has different helter-skelter collage of various designs, influences and styles. Despite nation’s capital and a metropolitan, Reykjavik has no definite direction with respect to architecture.

Þjóðveldisbærinn, located in Þjórsárdalur, is a Viking longhouse that is reconstructed with turf, wood and stone together forming a natural space.

Their housing designs, scattered farmsteads come from the Viking Age and the Settlement Era. They are an integral section of Icelandic culture. Icelandic people lived in their precarious, magnificent and natural surroundings in harmony.

Until the 20th century from the age of settlement, turf houses were dominating. They were timber houses, based on longhouse designs of Denmark, Norway, Scottish Isles and Sweden.

The turf houses were based on the foundation which were generally one or more rock layers. However, with a wooden base, double stacked walls and compressed soil lining for isolation, the Icelandic homes became iconic.

Some of the sites to view Architecture in South Iceland

  • Turf church- The Arbaer Museum church is one of the six that are preserved turf Icelandic churches. It was assembled out of Silfrastaðakirkja Church ruins in Skagafjörður Fjord.
  • Lavish turf homes- These homes were houses of priests or wealthy farmers. Some of the local heritage treasures include Bustarfell in Vopnafjörður, Glaumbær in Skagafjörður and Laufás in Eyjafjörður.
  • Smaller abode- Árbær in Reykjavík and Selið in Skaftafell are smaller preserved abodes.
  • In 1860, the stone structures of Reykjavik have arisen in between timber houses of Scandinavia. Skuli, a grand stone house called Viðeyjarstofa is new in local construction.
  • Series of stone houses-From 1750-1790, there were a series of stone houses like the Westman Islands Landakirkja Church and Garobaer-President’s abode Bessastaðastofa.
  • Fríkirkjuvegur 11– This house boasts architectural fusion of Iceland. The coat is made of corrugated iron and the house is made of wood. The style is Italian while the foundation is made of stone.

The Change

The change occurred about the midst of the 18th century. This was when the Danish government began to infuse the industrial development to Iceland. The local architecture changed from then. Stone houses started rising all over the nation. This is also the time when Reykjavik began to form and develop like a trading post and also the nation’s centre.

Conclusion

Architecture in South Iceland boasts a lengthy history of turf and timber houses. Until the early 1300s, the turf houses were timber houses. They were supported, isolated and coated with soil and turf. Post this time came housing design at island’s shores with corrugated iron. The old Icelandic street embellished plenty of constructions in a variety of colors. South Iceland architecture is influenced by Scandinavian background. The mid-18th century has seen a lot of change with industrial development.

Adventures in South Iceland

Iceland is full of amazing landscapes that attract visitors from all around the world. There are a lot of opportunities for adventure and exploration. Even though the country is wonderful, South Iceland is said to be more tourist-friendly and accessible when compared to North Iceland.

Adventures South Iceland offers

Whale watching Adventures South Iceland Reykjavik

Ensure that you don’t miss out on the gorgeous whales that Reykjavik has. Whales are the largest creatures on planet Earth and the best time to see them is during the summer season. This is the time when visitors have the chance to watch the White-beaked dolphins, the Minke whales, and even the Humpback whales.

Diving between two continents in Thingvellir National Park

Thingvellir National Park is a location that one shouldn’t miss as this is the place where you get to witness the boundary between two continents. The Silfra Fissure is a special place for snorkeling and diving between the two continents, namely North America and Eurasia. Silfra is situated at the center of the national park. One can witness the division of the two continents while diving or snorkeling.

Relaxing in the hot river above Hveragerdi

Do visit Hveragerdi, a small Icelandic town where the hot river passes through the valley. Hot rivers are hard to find, but you have the chance to take a bath in this hot river called “Varmá.” Hike your way through the green valleys and geysers to make it to the hot river. It provides you with once in lifetime experience as you bathe in it.

HikingAdventures South Iceland

  • Hiking through the colorful highlands of Landmannalaugar-The best option to uncover Landmannalaugar is to go along the Laugavegur trail from the hot springs region. Landmannalaugar is popular for its wide range of landscapes that are covered in an incredible 55 kms track. This track or trail is usually finished in around 2 to 4 days with possible stops at Álftavatn, Hrafntinnusker, Hvanngil, and Emstrur. Landmannalaugar can be reached reachable by bus or car during the summer season.
  • Hiking the Fimmvorduhals trail between Eyjafjallajökull and Myrdalsjokul Glacier-One of the very popular trails in Iceland is the Fimmvörðuháls hiking trail (around 24 – 30 kms). This path provides you with a challenging trek in versatile terrain along with fantastic sights of the Þórsmörk Nature Reserve and the Southern Coast of Iceland. This trail passes in between the Eyjafjallajökull and Mýrdalsjökul glacier, then goes towards the lava fields from the other part of Þórsmörk.

Swimming under a volcano in Seljavallalaug, Iceland’s “secret pool.”

Seljavallalaug is a sheltered outdoor pool (25 meters) in South Iceland. This pool was constructed in the year 1923, and it is referred to as “Iceland’s secret swimming pool.”Seljavallalaug can be reached by a 15-minute hike from Iceland’s Road 1. The pool can be found on the map, under the well-known Eyjafjallajökull volcano. The perfect period to swim is between May and September.

Exploring the hidden Gljúfrabúi Waterfall

The hidden waterfall known as Gljúfrabúi happens to be the neighbor of the famous Seljalandsfoss waterfall. There is absolutely no reason to miss the Gljúfrabúi waterfall as it is hiding behind a huge cliff. Gljúfrabúi is 40 meters high and can be noticed in its entire splendor by crossing a small river and then climbing up the cliff. Gljúfrabúi can be reached from the same road as the Seljalandsfoss waterfall.

Glacier walk on Solheimajokul Glacier

The glacier walks on Sólheimajökull glacier is probably the coolest walk on the southern island. Sólheimajökull is neighbor to one of the largest glaciers in Europe called Mýrdalsjökull. This glacier walk is for individuals who are ready to take their adventure to the next level. You are going to be advised by an experienced guide during the entire trip on the glacier. All the required equipment will be handed to you at the meeting point.

Tandem paragliding Adventures South Iceland over the beautiful village of Vik

The small town called Vik i Myrdal is regarded as the most attractive and secure place in Iceland. Vik is enclosed by various mountains and hills, the trembling ocean, black beaches, and a wide variety of bird species.

Ice cave tour at Jokulsarlon Glacier Lagoon

The ice cave tour in Jokulsarlon will enable an individual to discover the hidden chambers nearby Vatnajökull glacier. These ice caves are rare to occur naturally and remain for a short period of time. The ideal time to opt for a cave tour is between October and March.

Conclusion

Adventures South Iceland offers give you several opportunities like hiking, cave touring, paragliding and so on. Do not miss them, visit Iceland.

Activities in the Golden Circle Iceland

The Golden Circle is a well known tourist route of Iceland. It consists of three leading attractions, namely Þingvellir National Park, Haukadalur geothermal valley, and the plunging waterfall, Gullfoss. The tourist path covers a distance of 300 kilometers that can be completed in six hours, leaving an individual with enough time to take pleasure in various other places of interest. The Golden Circle is available in both summer as well as winter season. There are several activities in the Golden Circle Iceland to take pleasure in.

Activities in the Golden Circle Iceland

Snorkeling in Silfra

This place provides you with one of the fascinating experiences just as you go through the blue waters of Silfra Fissure. The water is splendidly clear as it happens to be the glacial water originating from the Langjökull Glacier. The temperature of the water is around 4 degrees. This is the main reason they offer insulated dry-suits and a certified expert to keep you safe and sound. The water in Silfra Fissure is pure, which means that you are free to drink it any time as you dive. Silfra happens to be the only place in the world where one can swim in between the two continents of the world, i.e., North America and Europe. It is offers one of the best activities in the Golden Circle Iceland.

Jet Boat in Hvita

The jet boat tour starts right after you meet with the Drumbó River Base guide, wherein you are given the necessary gear along with safety instructions. Once you are done with these formalities, you are ready to start your adventure to the glacial Hvítá River. This is the time where you go through the magnificent Gullfoss Canyon, the place where all your senses come to life, and you will be filled with excitement before you know it. There are many bird habitats around the river, and you may also notice certain attractive rock formations in the canyon cliffs. These amazing rock formations are because of the furious flow of the river.

Rafting in Hvita

Rafting can be done at nearby Hvita’s source at the foot of the Langjökull, Iceland’s second-largest glacier. After the friendly river guides have given you the equipment and brief safety instructions, you are ready to glide along the clear waters. It is also one of the places where you get to enjoy the incredible rock formations.

Brúarhlöð Canyon

One of the special places of interest is none other than the wonderful Brúarhlöð Canyon. The white river canyon is one of the creations of the Hvita River, including its outstanding rock formations and the potholes present among breccia walls. Do check out and take a look at the two incredible rock pillars, referred to as Karl and Kerling (Men and Women).

Visit Gullfoss falls

As you progress further down the river, you get the opportunity to notice the golden falls known as Gullfoss falls. This is very well known amongst the tourist attractions in Iceland. Gulfoss falls is definitely an attraction that you don’t want to miss as a visitor. However, once you have taken pleasure in these river sights, you are taken to a sauna at Drumbó.

Glacier snowmobiling from Gullfoss Cafe

The journey starts at the meeting point at Gullfoss café, which is located right next to Gulfoss Waterfall. From that point, you will be taking a breathtaking trip to Langjökull glacier, the place where one can observe the wild and undisturbed portion of Iceland. Just as you arrive at the glacier base, you are given all the necessary equipment and training required to begin snowmobiling.

Langjökull will take your breath away as it is gigantic, and at the same time, is totally devoid of human life. Langjökull is the long glacier wrapped in a blanket of white snow, and the panoramic views from the edges are definitely ones that you don’t want to miss. You also get to observe the Hofsjökull glacier and the Kerlingarfjöll Mountains.

Conclusion

Activities in the Golden Circle Iceland include snowmobiling, rafting, boating, and jet boating. Go around the area and taste the local food while enjoying the surrounding area.